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Work study at Post offices :

It is the basic need for every Postmaster on assuming charge of the Post Office to understand its staff , transactions , mail arrangements , area of service , volume of mails , the people and the culture in and around the Jurisdiction . It will provide a clear idea about what is what .

Staff :

The establishment and the working strength to be studied along with the previous statistics about the staff that was allowed to continue in the office. A rough calculation should be made with the available statistics ie MPCM , Savings Bank , accountable articles for previous 3 year period. After satisfying yourself with the work load , the actual requirement of staff is to be take note of.

Transaction statistics

The MPCM , SB and all other accountable articles should be studied for a specific period say for previous period and make a small comparison about the improvements / decrease in the transactions. This will give you a knowledge about the overall performance of the post office and its functions.

Mail Arrangement

Make a study on the receipt and dispatch of mails at office and find out the suitability . This will provide a scope of identifying number of staff required at the receipt time and dispatch time for ordinary mails. Cross check the mail arrangement with the office working hours and identify dead time wherein there is a difference between receipt of bags and opening cum processing along with the closing of bags and the dead time between closing and dispatch of mails. This provides a opportunity to identify and shift staff for the work and for modification of working hours according to the mail timings.

Postal club incognito Trade Union

In 1905 the Postal Club was formed at 18. Ganesh Chandra Avenue, Calcutta 13 incognito to the Trade Union movement under the Leadership of Late Babu Tarapada Mukherji who entered the service on 01.02.1895 as a postal employee. After the recognition of Postal Club, it was organised 150 employees and started sending memorials to the Government. The Presidency Postmaster called the Secretary Com. Ashwini Kumar and told him' Look here, Aswini, if you do not give up your Secretaryship, I will transfer you to Port Blair. He replied "I will carry my banner of the union there too." One B. L. Advocate Sril Nirmal Sen Gupta had joined the Postal Club and his oratory and penmanship attracted everybody. Bombay Postal Club was also formed in 1905 but it had started its working in 1907, which also carried only the Trade union activities. Postal League of Dacca was first started in 1909 by Sarat Chandra Sen. He prepared many memorials and posted to all over India which had the impact of organizing T.U. activities throughout the nation. Resultantly, the PMG had threatened him to desist his activities or he will arrest him. But he never cared. Then he was transferred to Imphal and had worked till 1912. At the time of Bengal Bifurcation, he was again sent back to Dacca.

Merger of Postal of Telecom & its first achievement

During 1912, the Government has consolidated the Postal & Telecom and brought under one Department and under the control of D. G P&T. Therefore Com. Henry Barton, Sen Gupta & Babu Tarapada joined together and led the mass of the P&T Workers. During the First World War (1914 to 1918), their united movement has brought the Dearness Allowance first to Govt. employees as Rs.3/- & Rs.5/-in the name of grain allowance.

If mail is received early and the office also commences immediately Check the counter service requirements ie no of staff to attend counter
If mail is received early and the office opens after a short duration Check for staff requirement for the mails to be processed and modify the timings for staff accordingly
If mails is received after opening of office Check the mms and mail arrangement schedules for modification and possibility to receive mails within time
If mails received at frequent intervals ie twice in the morning Check the interval time between the two arrivals if the time is short try processing together and if there is a good gap say 1 hours. Process only the ordinary mails first and the accountable mails together. ( you can also prepare two list for postman ie Delivery SLIP no 1 & 2 by creating duplicate beats for postman) There can be no restrictions on creation for the same beat and only requirement is to send all mails received for delivery on the same day..

Area of service

Different post offices have different geographical dimensions for delivery and service. Have a study about the area within a short period of time which will help a lot in the day to day work as a Postmaster.

If the area is have a good dimensional size Prepare to work according to the area requirement ie The Postman who should proceed first , second and so on and deploy staff accordingly
If the area does not have a good dimensional size Prepare a dimension your self and plan to send the postman accordingly.
If the area is like a square or rectangle in shape Prepare Postman for beats and not beats for postman. Select the postman with service hierarchy and provide nearest square for the most senior and next to his junior and so on.
If the area is a butterfly type in shape Prepare customer wise postman beat or location based ie. Two postman should not be allowed to share one area . Hence one full area should be provided for one postman . They can also be some rotation within the beats at regular intervals.

Volume of mails

Analyze the volume of mails ie Ordinary mails on a day to day basis and understand variations in the volume ie Monday will be heavier than Tuesday , and Tuesday will be easier than Wednesday and so on This provides an understanding in how the Postman can be controlled or used effectively in other activities of the office ie . PLI , RPLI , Account Opening etc

Accountable mails also needs some study for analyzing the work load of the postman . The number of bulk mails delivered by each postman and the details of such customers to be taken note of for providing window delivery. The newly created townships should also be studied about the requirement of manpower for mail delivery.

People and culture

This is the most important aspect in analyzing the functioning of a post office . Each place has its own culture and tradition , business and profession . we have to go thro the life of the people , especially their requirement from Post office. This will be helpful in deciding the product to be concentrated at the post office rather than concentrating on all the products and services of a PO.


What Postmaster can do on the following situations....

Leave of staff Should be regulated within the office and should see that each and every staff can avail their required leave in time. Emergency situations are exempted and upto the postmaster to decide. Do not recommend leave for staff for long durations for silly reasons . Just make a remark on the leave application on your disinterest ( Instead you can request your staff to cutshort their leave)
Deputations When you have already studied about the staff engagement for the past years and also current the requirements , transactions , mails and the people now you can readily fight with the administration about the necessity on production of the statistics . You may also communicate the authority that you should not be held responsible for any deficiency of service at the counter when staff are compelled for deputations.
Shortage of staff due to leave and deputation Open only those counters where you can provide service. Ask customer to stand in a single queue . Accept transactions on First in and First Out methods . Take your standard timing for completion of each transaction . Put a notice to people on the present day staff position at your office.

Business development activities.

At present the Administration is highly worried about the BD products and its revenue. It becomes inevitable to do some business for the management even though we may be at a hectic situations. After completion of the above study and implementation of the CRISIS management technique , one can be free enough to identify products and services for business.

Stages for business development

Modify supervising Techniques

Our traditional supervising techniques need lot of modifications and to be brought to suit the present environment that can protect against the management , staff and the public...

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